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Child Health and the Environment
$59.00 $64.00
Merchandise Description
Donald T. Wigle (2003)

This is the first textbook to focus on environmental threats to child health. It will interest professionals and graduate students in public health, pediatrics, environmental health, epidemiology, and toxicology. The first three chapters provide overviews of key children’s environmental health issues as well as the role of environmental epidemiology and risk assessment in child health protection. Overarching themes are the susceptibility of the rapidly developing fetus and infant to environmental toxicants, the importance of modifying factors (e.g., poverty, genetic traits, nutrition), the role of health outcome and exposure monitoring, uncertainties surrounding environmental exposure limits, and the importance of timely interventions.

Later chapters address the health effects of metals, PCBs, dioxins, pesticides, hormonally active agents, radiation, indoor and outdoor air pollution, and water contaminants. In analyzing potential environmental hazards, the author considers both biologic and epidemiologic evidence, including the likelihood of causal relationships. Among the health outcomes he discusses are developmental, reproductive, and neurobehavioral effects, respiratory disease, cancer, and waterborne infectious diseases. These discussions cover environmental exposure sources/indicators, interventions, and standards, and conclude with a summary of key issues. The final chapter summarizes associations between environmental exposures and child health outcomes and calls for an improved science base to guide public health decisions and protect child health.
396 pages, hardback.

Table of Contents

1. Environmental Threats to Child Health: Overview
Environmental Health Concerns About Children
Children’s Vulnerabilities
Risk Management Issues
2. Environmental Epidemiology
Study Types
3. Risk Assessment
Risk Assessment Framework
Selected Risk Assessment Practices
4. Metals—Lead
Health Effects
Risk Management
5. Metals—Mercury, Arsenic, Cadmium, and Manganese
Other Metals and Metalloids
6. PCBs, Dioxins, and Related Compounds
Health Effects
Risk Management
7. Pesticides
Health Effects
Risk Management
8. Hormonally Active Agents
Normal Endocrine Functions
Mechanisms of Environmental Hormonally Active Agents
Health Effects
Risk Management
9. Radiation
Ionizing Radiation
Power Frequency Electric and Magnetic Fields and Radiofrequency Radiation
10. Indoor Air
Environmental Tobacco Smoke
Biologic Agents
Volatile Organic Chemicals and Gases
11. Outdoor Air
Health Effects
Risk Management
12. Water
Chemical Contaminants
Waterborne Infections
13. Conclusion
Environmental Threats to Child Health
Knowledge Development Policy Issues

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