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Environmental Engineering, Prevention & Response (Sixth Edition)
$130.00 $140.00
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Edited by Nelson L. Nemerow, PhD; Franklin J. Agardy, PhD; Patrick Sullivan, PhD; and Joseph A. Salvato (2009)

First published in 1958, Salvato’s Environmental Engineering has long been the definitive reference for generations of sanitation and environmental engineers. Approaching its 50th year of continual publication in a rapidly changing field, the sixth edition has been fully reworked and reorganized into three separate, succinct volumes to adapt to a more complex and scientifically demanding field with dozens of specializations.

Updated and reviewed by leading experts in the field, this revised edition offers new coverage of industrial solid wastes utilization and disposal, the use of surveying in environmental engineering and land use planning, and environmental assessment. Stressing the practicality and appropriateness of treatment, the sixth edition provides realistic solutions for the practicing public health official or environmental engineer.

Environmental Engineering: Prevention and Response to Water-, Food-, Soil-, and Airborne Disease and Illness covers:

  • disease transmission by contaminated water,
  • foodborne diseases,
  • control of diseases of the air and land,
  • appropriate technology for developing countries, and
  • environmental emergencies and emergency preparedness.

A study reference for NEHA's REHS/RS exam.

382 pages, hardback.

Table of Contents
Preface
Contributors


Chapter 1: Disease Transmission by Contaminated Water
Introduction

Control of Source (Agent Factors)
Control of Mode of Transmission
Control of Susceptibles (Host Factors)
Typical Epidemic Controls
Waterborne Diseases
 
General
Survival of Pathogens
Substance Dose to Cause Illness
Summary of Characteristics and Control of Water- and Foodborne Diseases
Vehicle or Means by Which Waterborne Diseases Are Spread
Historical Waterborne Disease Background
Control and Prevention of Waterborne Diseases
Prevention of Waterborne Diseases
Schistosomiasis
Bioterrorism
Smallpox
Anthrax
Plague
Tularemia
Glanders
Botulism
Tetanus or Lockjaw
Noninfectious and Noncommunicable Diseases and Conditions Associated with the Water Environment
Background
Prevention and Control
Investigation of as Water Disease Outbreak
General
Samples and Specimens
Epidemiology and Risk
Molecular Detection of Waterborne Pathogens
References

Bibliography

Chapter 2: Control of Diseases of the Air and Land
Communicable Diseases
Background
Life Expectancy and Mortality
Framework for Disease Transmission

Regulatory Authorities in Health

Epidemic Control at the Individual Level
Behavioral Change
Antibiotics and Antivirals
Vaccination (or Immunization)
Control of Infectious Agents and Vectors
Environmental Control of Infectious Diseases
Arthropodborne Diseases
Zoonoses and Their Spread
Infectious Respiratory Diseases
Bioterrorism
Smallpox
Anthrax
Noncommunicable Diseases and Conditions Associated with the Environment
Background
Prevention and Control
Environmental Control Legislation
Lead Poisoning
Carbon Monoxide Poisoning
Mercury Poisoning
Illnesses Associated with Air Pollution—Lung Diseases
Asbestos Diseases
Malignant Neoplasms (Cancer) Cardiovascular Diseases
Methomoglobinemia
Dental Caries
Hypothermia
High Environmental Temperatures
Skin Damage from Sunlight
Tap Water Scalds
Sporotrichosis
Definitions

Useful Internet Web Sites

References

Chapter 3: Foodborne Diseases
Introduction

Survival of Pathogens

Infectious Dose

Reservoir or Source of Disease Agents
Humans as Reservoirs
Animals as Reservoirs
Food Spoilage

Burden and Cost of Foodborne Illness

Foodborne Disease Outbreak Surveillance
Poultry
Milk and Other Dairy Products
Fruits and Vegetables
Meat and Seafood
Control and Prevention of Foodborne Diseases
Prevention of Foodborne Diseases
Mercury Poisoning
Methemogloginemia
Dental Caries
Sporotrichosis
Nutritional Deficiency and Related Diseases
References

Chapter 4: Appropriate Technology for Developing Countries
Abbreviations

Introduction
Background
History
Problem of Developing Countries
Summary of DC Problem
Purpose of This Chapter
Specific Subjects Included in This Chapter
Environmental Governance
Introduction
Situation in DCs versus United States/ICs
What DC and IAA Practitioners Can Do to Correct This Problem
Role of the Private Sector
Urban Water Supply
Situation in United States
Situation in Typical DCs
Suggested Approach for Improving IAA Assistance to DCs
Appropriate Water Quality Standards
Water and Sewer Pipes in Same Trench
Reuse of Treated Wastewater
IAA-Sponsored Community Water Supply Programs
Other Considerations
Water Hyacinths
Water Quality Analyses
Water Quality Monitoring
Role of Private Sector
Integrated Economic-cum-Environmental Development Planning (IEEDP)
Water Resources Management
Reducing Water Irrigation Requirements
China Studies Sponsored by World Bank
Watershed Management
Urban Sewerage and Excreta Management (USEM)
Situation in ICs
Situation in Typical DCs
Sewerage-cum-Sanitation Systems for 100 Percent Excreta Management
Sewage Treatment Systems
Sewage Characteristics and Needs for Treatment and Point Source Control
Sewage Flow Measurement
Appropriate Standards
Marine Sewage Disposal
Buffer Area Requirements around Treatment/Pumping Plants
Regional Water Pollution Control
Industrial Wastewater Management
Situation in ICs versus DCs
Discharge into Municipal Sewerage Systems (MSSs)
Discharge Directly to Environment
Appropriate Standards
Cleaner Production (CP)
Industrial Estates
Marine Disposal
Abstract
Urban Solid Waste Management
Situation in United States versus DCs
Practical Sanitary Landfilling Technology for DCs
Experience in Asian DCs
Alternative Disposal Methods
Reclamation of Swamp Lowlands by Refuse Landfilling
Urban Air Pollution Control
Background
Thailand: General Situation
Thailand: Sharing of Controls for Multiple Industries
Air Pollution Control Experience in India
Hazardous Waste Management
Background
Guidelines Manual for DCs
Megacities: Rural to Urban Migration
Background
Economic Policies for Sustainable Development (ADB)
Existing Situation in the DCs
Urban Growth Management/Action Strategy
Effective Control of Environmental Degradation
Follow-up Evaluation of ADB Study
Essay on Urban Population Growth in DCs
Urban Slums
Background
Indonesia Kampung Improvement Projects (KIPs)
Urban Sanitation
Ports and Harbors
Coastal City of Chonburi in Thailand
Public Water Supply Taps
Rural Sanitation
Very Low Priority for Attention
WHO Manuals
Xiaolangdi Resettlement
Farm Animal Manures
Handwashing
School Sanitation
Hazard of Flies
Septic Tank for Coastal Homes on Stilts
Water Treatment for Homes Using Surface Waters
Public Health
Assessment by Asian Development Bank
Water Supply and Sanitation
Disease Reporting
Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA)
Difficulties in Application of EIA Process to DCs
Effective Use of EIS Process in DCs
Recommended EIA Report Components
Constraints for Construction Contractors
Need for Effective Training
Environmental Economics and Financing
Inclusion of Environmental Values in Project Economic Analysis (PEA)
Effect of EPMs of Project Economic and Financial Analyses
Human Greed Parameter
Economic-cum-Environmental Development Planning
Value of Human Life
Protecting Precious Eco-Resources
Emergencies Management

Technology Transfer (TT)
Problem
Recommendation
Development Planning for DCs
Social Parameters: Attention to Rural Poverty Poor
Eco-Resources Protection
Affordability of Environmental Improvements
Integrated Economic-cum-Environmental Development Planning (IEEDP)
Global Warming
Problem
Future of Environment in Developing Countries
Problems in DCs
Changes in Environmental Policy in the ICs
Glimpses of Future
Recommendations
References

Chapter 5: Environmental Emergencies and Emergency Preparedness
Introduction

Emergency Planning for Industrial Facilities

Resources
Emergency Operations Centers (EOCs)
Media Center
Communication Equipment and Alarm Systems
Firefighting Facilities, Equipment, and Supplies
Spill and Vapor Release Control Equipment
Medical Facilities, Equipment, and Supplies
Meteorological Equipment
Security and Access Control Equipment
Environmental Testing Systems
Emergency Action Levels

Emergency Response Organization
Initial-Response Organization
Full Emergency Response Organization
Emergency Director (Site Emergency Coordinator)
Response Operations Coordinator
Incident Response Commander (IRC, Field Operations Coordinator)
Incident Response Team
Emergency Functions

Emergency Response Actions
Concept of Operations
Emergency Response Implementing Procedures
Environmental Considerations
Recovery, Reentry, and Restoration
Training, Exercises, and Plan Maintenance

Emergency Planning at the Local Level
Emergency Management
Leadership Commitment
Planning Team
Planning Process
Hazards Analysis
Damage Assessment and Recovery Operations
Resources
Content of the Plan and Procedures
Plan Integration
Public Information
Public Education
Public Emergency Notification
Conclusion

References

Index
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