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Planning and Installing Sustainable Onsite Wastewater Systems
$69.00 $73.00
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S.M. Parten (2010)

Covering technical principles and practical applications, this comprehensive resource explains how to design and construct sound and sustainable decentralized wastewater systems of varying sizes and in different geophysical conditions. This book covers state-of-the-art techniques, materials, and industry practices, and provides detailed explanations for why certain approaches result in more sustainable projects. A rational approach is presented for assessing assimilative capacities of soils, and selecting methods of wastewater treatment and dispersal that make optimal use of natural treatment processes and site conditions.

In-depth design and construction information highlights nonproprietary methods proven to be very sustainable and cost effective on a long-term basis for many geographic settings. Step-by-step illustrations and project examples featuring real-world implementations of onsite wastewater systems are included in this definitive volume.

This book covers:
  • sustainability factors and planning considerations for decentralized wastewater systems,
  • project planning and site evaluation,
  • wastewater collection and conveyance methods,
  • design and installation of primary treatment units,
  • comparisons of secondary and advanced treatment methods,
  • sand filter construction,
  • subsurface flow wetland performance and construction,
  • effluent dispersal methods, and
  • design and installation of low-pressure dosed effluent dispersal systems.
412 pages, hardback.


Table of Contents
Foreword
Preface
Acknowledgments


1. Introduction
Introduction
Current State of the Onsite Wastewater Industry in the United States
References
2. Sustainability Considerations for Decentralized Wastewater Systems
Basic Concepts and Science Related to Onsite/Decentralized Wastewater Systems
Sustainability Factors for Onsite/Decentralized Wastewater Systems
References
3. Project Planning and Site Evaluation
Project Concept Development and Implementation
Wastewater System Flow Determination or Estimation
Wastewater Characterizations
Site Evaluation
Matching Systems to Site Conditions
References
4. Wastewater Collection and Conveyance Methods
Basic Methods of Decentralized Systems Collection and Conveyance
Factors Affecting Sustainability for Collections Systems
5. Primary Treatment
Design Capacity Needed for Primary Treatment Tanks
Grease Removal
Effluent Filters
Septic Tank Location and Materials of Construction
Septic Tank and Pump Tank Installation
Further Comments on Watertight Tanks and Piping
Wastewater Sludge/Septage or “Residuals”
References
6. Secondary and Advanced Treatment Methods
Secondary and Advanced Treatment Process Commonly Used for Decentralized Systems
Comparison of Commonly Used Decentralized Treatment Systems
Factors Affecting Treatment Performance
Combinations of Treatment Processes for Achieving Higher Levels of Nitrogen Reduction
Sustainability Considerations for Evaluating and Selecting Treatment Methods
Disinfection Processes
Sustainability and Treatment Systems Management
Reference
7. Sand Filter Construction
Intermittent Sand Filters (Single Pass, Intermittently Dosed)
Intermittent Sand Filter Construction
Recirculating Sand/Gravel Filters
References
8. Subsurface Flow Wetlands
Subsurface Flow Wetlands for Secondary Treatment
Subsurface Wetlands Combined with Other Processes for Total Nitrogen Removal
References
9. Effluent Dispersal Methods
Basic Methods of Effluent Dispersal
Matching Dispersal Methods with Site Conditions and Levels of Treatment
Reference
10. Low-Pressure Dosing Effluent Distribution
Low-Pressure Distribution Design Approaches
LPD Design Procedures and Calculations
LPD Construction Methods and Materials
Sand-Lined Trenches and Bottomless Sand Filters
References
11. Project Examples
Guiding Principles for Sustainable Systems Planning
Project Examples
Index
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